Water (42)

Saturday, 13 August 2016 11:59

Friend or Foe: the Oxidation Reaction

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Everyday, oxidation happens all around us. Depending on where it happens though, the results of oxidation could either be beneficial or harmful to the surroundings. We wanted to take a brief moment to discuss oxidation within the water industry, because we’ve heard some interesting stories from the Water Well Journal surrounding whether oxidation is a friend or foe to groundwater, which directly affects our industry. Before we dive into it though, what exactly is oxidation? 




1. The combination of a substance with oxygen.

Provided by Dictionary.com

Yes, oxidation is when oxygen unites with another substance, but could this be beneficial or harmful to groundwater? Let’s take a deeper look. 

Over time, chemists discovered that oxidation does not necessarily always require oxygen in order to take place. Sometimes it can simply be a transfer of electrons between two elements or ions, where one substance can lose electrons to an oxidizing agent. Now, after this was established, scientists established the “oxidation state” of each of the known elements. This means that as elements react with other elements, electrons are transferred, and the oxidation state of the elements changes. There are many types of oxidation reactions that can occur, but let’s look at some of the few most common. 

One of the most common reactions that can take place is within fire or combustion, because heat and light are generated due to an electron bond breaking .The smoke that is produced from a fire would be considered the oxidized product of this specific reaction. Another common oxidation reaction is found in respiration, or when life forms breathe. We start by inhaling oxygen, but we exhale carbon dioxide. The oxygen we inhale is used to oxidize organic nutrients in our body that is found in our foods, and the yield from this oxidation reaction is energy that we use every day.

Now that we have a bit more of an understanding of oxidation reactions, let’s look at how it affects groundwater, specifically within corrosion. Corrosion happens when a material deteriorates due to the interactions the material experiences with the surrounding environment. Many forms of corrosion that take place within the groundwater industry are a result of the electron transfer process between materials, causing one of the materials to deteriorate. There are many types of corrosion though, one of which that we observe in the groundwater industry that is directly affected by the absence of oxygen. This form of corrosion is called concentration cell corrosion, and it can develop underneath deposit buildups on structures or equipment that can cause severe damage. Periodic removal of this buildup can reduce this type of corrosion from occurring, but it is still something we have to keep a close eye on. 

There are also microbial influenced or induced corrosions that can occur as well, and this can include the production of acids or enzymes. This can cause degradation as well, and is most commonly found when bacteria oxidizes with iron. It could be a residual problem with water wells as a result, and is another thing that we as water professionals keep an eye on periodically. 

Now, oxidation is not just a bad thing for the groundwater industry though, because it does have some positive effects as well. We can use oxidation to help with testing water or improving water quality. It all started back when Dr. John Ryznar had created the “Nail Test.” With this test, a nail is placed in a glass containt with aquifer water and then observed over a 24 hour period. If there was a chemical reaction that caused the water to discolor, we knew there needed to be some disinfection of the water supply taking place. Over time, we have been able to develop disinfection processes that need the application of oxidation chemicals, so within this scenario, oxidation is a very good thing. 

At this point, we have various oxidation chemicals available within the groundwater industry, including hydrogen peroxide, potassium permanganate, bromine, and more commonly found, chlorine. These agents all help us with water cleanup and disinfection, this way we can keep our families healthy and safe. At the end of the day, oxidation is a close friend to us here in the groundwater industry, providing us with safe disinfection profits and other residual benefits. When it comes to water cleanup, disinfection, or if you’re looking for a free water test, you can count on the team here at Aqua Pump. To get your water tested for free, give us a call at 1 800-642-0420.


As a family owned business in Connecticut for over 40 years, offering the best services and products has been our number one priority.  When it comes to exceptional products, K-Life Water Softner Crystals is an ideal choice for your needs.

K-LIFE and regular softener salt both soften water by a process called ion exchange, which means that as your water softener removes hardness and impurities from the water it must give something back to the softened water. With regular softener salt, sodium is added to soften the water. The harder the water, the more sodium is added. With K-LIFE the same exchange process takes place except K-LIFE adds potassium instead of sodium (salt).

K-Life Sodium Free water softener crystals are 98.9% pure potassium chloride which softens your water by replacing hard water minerals with potassium instead of sodium.  No only is potassium one of the most essential nutrients for good health, it is also vital for plant life as well as the following benefits:

  • Brighter clothes from washer while using less detergent
  •  Soap scum reduction on household surfaced
  •  Less hard mineral deposits that can clog pupes and stain appliances

When you use salt, you are adding sodium to your familys drinking water.  With the K-Life Potassium water softeners, you are adding nutrients to your life and health.

If you have any questions regarding K-Life Softners, please don't hesitate to contact our team at (860) 684-5349. 


Do you ever recall testing liquids and their pH with litmus paper? If you do, you recall them changing all different colors depending on what the liquid is. While the experiment might have seemed boring at the time, understanding pH levels is extremely important for your health but also know what your body is consuming.

As Wikipedia defines it, In chemistry, pH (/p / or /p h/) is a measure of the acidity or basicity of an aqueous solution. Solutions with a pH less than 7 are said to be acidic and solutions with a pH greater than 7 are basic or alkaline. Pure water has a pH very close to 7.

So now that we know what pH levels mean, here are a couple of items and where they land on the pH scale:

Milk: 6.2

Coffee: 5.5

Orange Juice: 3.5

Soapy Water: 10

Apple Juice: 3

So what does pH mean when it comes to water? The pH level of water determines whether it is hard or sof. As we have talked about before, Hard water has a high mineral content. While it is not generally harmful for ones health, hard water can cause breakdowns with equipment that handles the water. Soft water on the other hand, contains few or no extra elements. Water tested with a pH level less than 6.5 is considered acidic. Water tested with a pH higher than 8.5 is considered basic and is often hard.

The importance of understanding pH water levels is to determine that your water is not damaging the internal parts of your home such as pipies, appliances and anything that works and has water flowing through it.

This is why it is always good to get your water tested! Don't find out the hard way when your appliances and pipes have suffered from damaging pH levels in your water.

Testing is simple. Call Aqua Pump today at (860) 684-5349 for more information and to schedule testing.


We hate to say it, especially on Fall days in November that are in the 60's, but snow will be here before you know it.  

Whether you are just moved, or unaware, it's extremely important to know where your well is on your property. Knowing where your well is can be extremely beneficial when the team at Aqua Pump is servicing your water system for the first time or during an emergency visit.

In addition to know where your well is located on your property, it's also a good idea to understand the local water issues or findings, tests and information. A local water expert such as our team at Aqua Pump understand the geography throughout Connecticut and what water issues, problems and findings are within different towns and locations.

Before there is a problem, know where your well is located. If you are new to area and have questions, please call our team today at (860) 684-5349. Once you have talked to our specialists, make sure to set up your annual water testing for your well water!


Our constant message to drink more water might sound repetitive, but the news has been reporting more and more about the dangers of diet soda and more specifically, Aspartame.

As Livestrong.com reports, "While aspartame products, such as NutraSweet and Equal may appear to be a healthier alternative to sugar, there are a lot of side effects and the potential for poisoning. The symptoms of aspartame poisoning can impact your psychological and physiological functioning and may even lead to death"

While we are not medical experts, there have been many correlating symptoms tied into the digestion of aspartame and the human body. As Livestrong states, symptoms such as "numbness in the limbs, severe tremors, facial pain, seizures, headaches or migraines, confusion, fatigue, slurred speech and hyperactivity.

Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/29349-symptoms-aspartame-poisoning/#ixzz2ijrcs3lD

Aqua Pump takes great pride in educating the youth regarding the benefits of drinking water over soda and diet soda. This year, we have teamed up with school systems and Dentists to promote water over other soft drinks.  

Lets face it: Soda tastes great! However, the side affects of drinking these beverages over long periods of time can affect much more than we might realize.  

For more information regarding our water services, please contact our team today at (860) 684-5349.




Arsenic: You can't taste it or smell it, but depending on your location, you could be in a "hot spot" where it exists more than surrounding areas. While we always remind people to understand their surrounding areas when purchasing or building a home, arsenic has the ability to be more prevelant in certain areas, making it a must test for hazard in your water.

Arsenic is a semi-metal element on the periodic table.

How does arsenic get into water? As the EPA states, "Because it occurs naturally in the environment and as a by-product of some agricultural and industrial activities, it can enter drinking water through the ground or as runoff into surface water sources."

As we always mention, municipal water is tested however, private water wells (such as the one in your home) is up to you to schedule routine testing. Many people often forget this and because there are many possible hazards such as arsenic that are odorless and tasteless, it is crucial that CT homeowners test annually.

Arsenic is known for having hot-spots in locations that don't typically have high arsenic readings. Here at Aqua Pump, we strongly suggest getting your water tested for possible silent hazards such as arsenic and other contaminants.

For more information, contact our team at (860) 684-5349.


Many homeowners throughout the state of Connecticut with their own private well are responsible for making sure their water is to safe standards. While municipal water is tested regularly, homeowners with their own well need to have their water tested on a regular basis. The epa (United States Environmental Protection Agency) has outlined several key situations where water should be tested more frequently (more than once a year).

  • someone in your household is pregnant or nursing
  • there are unexplained illnesses in the family
  • your neighbors find a dangerous contaminant in their water
  • you note a change in water taste, odor, color or clarity
  • there is a spill of chemicals or fuels into or near your well
  • when you replace or repair any part of your well system

In addition to the situations where testing is advised to do so more frequently, you can do your own inspection as well for possible contaminants 

  • is there livestock close by?
  • are pesticides being used on nearby agricultural?
  • do you use lawn fertilizers near the well?
  • is the well located near a road that is frequently salted or sprayed with de-icers during winter months?

Our team at Aqua Pump is very aware of surrounding towns in and throughout Connecticut and can also offer testing should you think its time do so. Call our office today to schedule your annual test as well as other information regarding your location and possible bacteria or other issues that may be present in your water.


Sometimes the last thing we think of is our water pump or effects to water during a lightning storm. The truth is, we have seen cases where lightning has affected both the water quality and the water pumps. So what excatly can it affect?

When it comes to submersible pumps, lightning can damage the motor or other internal workings of the motor. The motors don't always quit immediately either.  For this reason, insulation and pump wiring can burn leading to even larger issues down the road.

Some people have also experienced cloudy or discolored water after a lightning storm. Due to the strike, the vibration into the earth can shake the well causing any built up minerals to fall into the water supply. In addition, clouding can also occur due to the large amounts of water entering the well.

These reasons are just several making it critical for homeowners and businesses to make sure that their pump is properly set up and prepared for this type of storm or any other interruption that might happen down the road.  Making sure that the electrical portion is proper is just as important to your pump and water wellness.

Aqua Pump has been a Connecticut water pump specialist for over 40 years. If you have any questions about your current setup or for more information, call our team today at (860) 684-5349.

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Ok, so we aren't the best actors you've seen! The commercial above really does mention some important things to remember when it comes to your water and home.

Aqua Pump is a properly licensed company with the State of Connecticut when it comes to water regulations as well as other water treatment and services. Although you initially think that hiring someone who "seems" to be knowledgable about the trade is suitable, you may find that choice comes with further implications.

Whether you are having trouble with your water pumps, water filters or water treatment issues, Aqua Pump is recognized as a true professional leader in the state of Connecticut. Along with the normal deman of filters, testing, treatments and pumps, Aqua Pump also has emergency services for those having unexpected issues with water and plumbing.  

For more information or to learn more about what our customers have to say about our company, head to our customer testimonials page.

To learn more about Aqua Pump and our services, call our team at (860) 684-5349.



Although we may sound like a broken record, many homeowners and those with private sources of water often forget that it is their responsibility to test their water.  Our world is constantly changing and with that can come dramatic changes to our drinking water without even noticing.  Here are four reasons that Connecticut homeowners should have their water tested on a yearly basis.

Are you located near any industrial, farms or chemical facilities?

Chemicals and contaminants can seep into the soil and travel quite long distances. Regulations on these types of businesses or locations are not always enforced to the level that makes surrounding locations safe.

Gastrointestinal Distress Among Those Residing In Home.

If residents are experiencing gastrointestinal distress, it may be due to microorganisms or copper from the piping contaminating your well water. Often times, people think of the water last as a possibly culprit.

Know What Your Home Consists Of

Many homes were built with lead piping.  Over time, lead piping can experience corrosion and enter into your water source. If you are buying a house, or havent considered what your current home might have, get your water tested for the safety of you and your family.

For more information or to have your water tested, call the team at Aqua Pump at (860) 684-5349.


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TOLL FREE: 1 800-642-0420

Our Services

  • Well Repairs & System Maintenance
  • Water Testing (arsenic, nitrates, etc.)
  • Well Location
  • Water Filtration
  • Water Conditioning
  • Well Sanitizing
  • Leak Detection
  • Residential & Commercial

Local Phone Numbers

Danielson: 860-779-6544
Norwich: 860-887-7272
Simsbury: 860-658-2110
Stafford: 860-684-5349
Suffield: 860-668-4379
Willimantic: 860-456-3555

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Our Certified Operator Program offers Commercial & Industrial Applications, Arsenic & Uranium Removal, and Maintenance Plans.

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We want you to know that you can always reach us and that we will always do our best to fix the issue as fast as possible: 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

About Aqua Pump Co., Inc.

Located in Stafford Springs, CT and established in 1973, we pride ourselves in providing outstanding service to our commercial and residential water supply customers.

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